The red planet
Mars is the planet in our solar system that has the characteristics closest to those of Earth. It is for this reason that it is the favorite destination of NASA space missions. Join us as we take a look at the most beautiful images of this fascinating planet!
The planet Mars and its two small moons
On July 18, 2018, when Earth, Mars, and the Sun were in alignment, the Hubble Space Telescope of NASA captured this image of the planet Mars. This image shows Phobos (right) and Deimos (left), the two minor moons of Mars.
Here, we can see Arabia Terra, a sizable region in Mars’ northern hemisphere. It is distinguished for its about 4 billion-year-old craters. Dark dunes are also visible in this image, and the HIRISE team is keeping a close eye on them for any indication of wind activity.
Approximately 67 kilometers in diameter, Danielson is an impact crater that may be found in the southwest corner of Arabia Terra. The sand and sedimentary rocks that make up it are seen in this view from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter mission.
A wonderful contrast of colors
In contrast to the red dirt of Mars, this image depicts canals filled with glistening ice. The planet’s seasonal polar caps are where the picture was taken.
A sunrise on the planet Mars
The Viking 2 exploration probe photographed this interesting Martian dawn on June 14, 1978.
This is Candor Chasma, one of the canyons that make up the Valles Marineris region of the red planet, close to its equator. Scientists speculate that the area’s light-colored stratified deposits may be comprised of sandstone, which has the ability to support life.
A spring avalanche
Here is an image of an avalanche that the HiRISE camera captured close to Mars’ north pole. The sun shines on this part of the world every spring. Ice blocks fall as a result of the sun’s heat. The ice crashes to the earth at the base of the more than 500-meter-high cliff, creating a cloud of dust in their wake.
The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter took this picture in December 2018. We can determine the direction the wind has traveled around these rock formations by looking at the ripples in the sand.
One of Mars’ two natural satellites is called Phobos. In a Martian day, which lasts roughly 24 hours and 40 minutes, this tiny moon rises west of Mars and makes three orbits around the planet.
A very young impact crater
We can see an impact crater that developed between July and September 2018 in this amazing photograph. An extraordinary blast pattern was produced as a result of the collision, which happened in the seasonal southern ice sheet and visibly pierced it.
The Jezero crater is a 49-kilometer-diameter impact crater that is thought to have originated about 3.7 billion years ago. It is situated west of Isidis Planitia, a massive impact basin that contains ancient landscapes and is highly fascinating to scientific researchers. NASA decided to choose the Jezero crater as the landing area for the “Mars 2020” mission, which was launched on July 30, 2020, and is still operating.
These dunes were seen on camera on the Nectaris Montes mountainside in the Valles Marineris canyons. As can be seen in the image, the sand dunes that make up these enormous canyons can be imposingly vast with what appear to be very steep slopes.
The Curiosity rover, which has been operating on Mars since 2012, captured this picture of Mount Sharp, a mountain that is located in the Gale crater’s center. You can see the clay rocks that NASA scientists are keen to explore in the image’s middle.
On Mars, Curiosity snapped a quick selfie! For the 2012 Mars Science Laboratory exploration mission, this 899 kilogram device was launched. Its goal is to investigate the Gale crater, where it landed. Currently, the Mars Science Laboratory mission is still active.
The canyons of Valles Marineris
The Valles Marineris canyons can be seen more clearly in the center of this mosaic, which was created from photographs the Viking Orbiter 1 spacecraft took. They are 600 kilometers broad and more than 3,000 kilometers long.
Aram Chaos Crater
Hematite and water-weathered silicates make up the majority of the layers in these blocks of light-colored strata, which are visible in this photograph. These factors indicate that there was once a lake inside the Aram Chaos crater. About 284 kilometers are in its diameter.
The Sirenum Fossae contains the Crisp crater. Because of its sharp edge and apparent preservation of its ejecta, NASA scientists believe that this crater would have formed recently.
Spider shaped cracks
The south polar area of Mars has surface fractures that resemble spiders. They were brought on by the atmosphere’s carbon dioxide evaporation.
A Martian sunset
This sunset was captured by NASA’s InSight lander on April 25, 2019 at 6:30 p.m. local Mars time.
The passage of a comet near Mars
On October 19, 2014, the planet Mars and the comet Siding Spring were photographed by the Hubble Space Telescope. The comet passed Earth that day at a distance of roughly 140,000 kilometers. The comet and Mars were moving relative to one another, making it impossible to capture both objects in a single exposure. As a result, this photo is a composite.